Modern Countries

This is the 1st part of my Modern Countries blog. On these links down below you can go instantly to the countries down below. The 1st part includes Afghanistan-Brazil. If you click on the links on the capital city or the tallest Mountain it will bring you to a wikepedia page.

Afghanistan (Asia)

Afghanistan flag

Capital: Kabul

Population: 31 Million (as of 2006)

Size: 250,001 sq. miles

Currency: afghani 1$ = 49.10 afghanis 

Tallest Point: Nowshak 24,557 feet tall

Main languages: Persian, Pashtu

Main religion: Islam 99.7%

City of Herat

About: Afghanistan became independent in 1919

Albania (Europe)

Albania flag

Capital: Tirana

Population: 3.5 Million (as of 2006)

Size: 11,100 sq. miles

Currency: leke 1$ = 101.54 leke

Tallest Point: Maja e Korabit 9,032 feet tall

Main languages: Albanian, Greek

Main religion: Islam 55.8% 

Rozafa Casatle in Albania

About: Albania was the last country to gain independence from the Ottoman empire. It became independent on November 28, 1912. 

Algeria (Africa)

Algeria flag

Capital: Algiers (El Djazair)

Population: 32.9 Million (as of 2006)

Size: 919,595 sq. miles

Currency: dinars 1$ = 72.70 dinars

Tallest Point: Tahat 9,541 feet tall

Main Languages: Arabic, French, Berber

Main religion: Islam 99.0%

Algiers Skyline

About: Algeria became independent from France on July 3, 1962 after a revolution.

Andorra (Europe)

Andorra flag

Capital: Andorra: la Vella

Population: 71,201 

Size: 181 sq. miles

Currency: 1$ = .84 euros 

Tallest Point: Coma Pedrosa 9,665 feet tall

Main Languages: Catalan, French, Castillan 

Main religion: Christian 90.0%

Andorra la Vella

About: In 1278 Andorra became independent but it is still under the principality of France and Spain.

Angola (Africa)

Angola flag

Capital: Luanda

Population: 12.1 Million

Size: 481,354 sq. miles

Currency: kwanza 1$ = 80.18 kwanza

Tallest point: Morro de Moco 8,596 feet tall

Main Languages: Portuguese, Many different African Languages

Main religion: Christain 60%

Territories: Cabinda Province

National bank of Angola

About: The Angolan War of Independence went from February 1961- April 1974 when they gained their independence from Portugal.

Antigua and Barbuda (North America)

Antigua and Barbuda flag

Capital: St. John’s 

Population: 69,108

Size: 171 sq. miles

Currency: East Carribean dollar 1$ = 2.67 East Carribean dollar

Tallest point: Mount Obama 1,319 feet tall

Main Languages: English

Main religion: Christain 74% 

Antigua and Barbuda on a map

About: Antigua and Barbuda gained full independence from Britain on November 1, 1981.

Argentina (South America)

Argentina flag

Capital: Buenos Aires

Population: 39.9 Million

Size: 1,068,302 sq. miles

Currency: pesos 1$ = 3.07 pesos

Tallest point: Aconcagua 22,835 feet tall

Main Languages: Spanish, English, Italian

Main Religion: Christain 89.7%

This is Ushuaia. It is at the very tip of Argentina which is close to Antarctica

About: The Argentine war of Independence against the Spanish Empire (1810-1818) was lead by Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli, and others. On July 9, 1816 they made their constitution.

Armenia (Asia)

Armenia flag

Capital: Yerevan

Population: 2.9 Million

Size: 11,506 sq. miles 

Currency: drams 1$ = 439.50 drams

Tallest point: Mount Aragat 13,435 feet tall

Main languages: Armenian, Russian

Main religion: Christain 79%

The Cascade in Yerevan, the Capital of Armenia

About: The Republic of Armenia was part of the United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) until shortly after the Berlin Wall fell. It became independent in 1991.

Australia (Australia and the Pacific)

Australia flag

Capital: Canberra

Population: 20.2 Million

Size: 2,967,909 sq. miles

Currency: Australian Dollar 1$ = 1.35 Australian Dollar

Tallest point: Mount Kosciuszko 7,313 feet tall

Main languages: English, Aboriginal Languages

Main religion: Christain 52.2%

Uluru also known as Ayer’s Rock is a huge rock in Sydney Springs Australia.

About: The first Europeans to arrive in Australia were the Dutch in 1606. The called it “New Holland.” James Cook went to Australia in 1770 and renamed it “New South Wales” and the British Empire claimed it as their own. Australia became a commonwealth on January 1, 1901.

Territories: Christmas islands, Macquarie islands, and McDonald islands

Austria (Europe)

Austria flag

Capital: Vienna

Population: 8.1 Million 

Size: 32,382 sq. miles

Currency: euros 1$ = .84 euros

Tallest point: Grossglockner 12,461 feet tall

Main Languages: German, Serbian

Main religion: Christain 61%

Neuschwanstein Castle. It is technically in Germany.

About: Austria became a country in 1804.

Azerbaijan (Asia)

Azerbaijan flag

Capital: Baku

Population: 7.9 Million

Size: 33,436 sq. miles

Currency: manats 1$ = 4,606 manats

Tallest point: Mount Bazarduzu 14,715 feet tall

Main Languages: Azeri, Russian, Armenian

Main religion: Islam 90.7%

Maiden Tower in Baku Azerbaijan

About: Azerbaijan became an independent country from the USSR in 1991 after the dissolution of it.

Bahamas (North America)

Bahamas flag

Capital: Nassau

Tallest Point: Mount Alvernia 207 feet tall

Population: 303,770

Size: 5,382 sq. miles

Currency: Bahamian dollars 1$ = .99 Bahamian dollars

Main languages: English, Creole

Main religion: 91% Christian

Nassau, Bahamas

About: Formerly a British colony the Bahamas became independent on July 10, 1973

Bahrain (Asia)

Bahrain flag

Capital: Manama

Population: 698,585

Size: 257 sq. miles

Currency: dinars 1$ = .38 dinars

Tallest point: Mountain of Smoke 400 feet tall

Main languages: Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu

Main religion: Islam 70.3%

Manama, Bahrain

About: Bahrain became independent on August 15, 1971 after declaring independence from Britain.

Bangladesh (Asia)

Bangladesh flag

Capital: Dhaka

Population: 147.3 Million (Bangladesh is very densely populated. It is a fairly small country but hundreds of Millions people live there.)

Size: 55,599 sq. miles

Currency: taka 1$ = 66.72 taka

Tallest point: Keokradong 3,196 feet tall

Main languages: Bangala, English

Main religion: Islam 83.4%

Crowded train in Bangaladesh

About: Bangladesh became independent after breaking away from Pakistan in 1971

Barbados (North America)

Barbados flag

Capital: Bridgetown

Population: 279,912

Size: 166 sq. miles

Currency: Barbados Dollar 1$ = 1.99 Barbados Dollar

Tallest point: Mount Hillaby 1,102 feet tall

Main languages: English

Main religion: Christain 95.5%

Beach in Barbados

About: Barbados was colonized by the British in 1627. It became independent from them on November 30, 1966.

Belarus (Europe)

Belarus flag

Capital: Minsk

Population: 10.2 Million

Size: 80,155 sq. miles

Currency: rubal 1$ = 2,514

Tallest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hill 1,135 feet tall

Main languages: Belarusian, Russian

Main religion: Christain 96.5%

Mirsky Castle in Belarus

About: Belarus broke away from the USSR in 1991.

Belgium (Europe)

Belgium flag

Capital: Brussels

Population: 10.3 Million

Size: 11,787 sq. miles

Currency: euros 1$ = .84 euros

Tallest point: Signal de Botrange 2,277 feet tall

Main language: Dutch, French, German

Main religion: Christain 61%

The Capital of the European Union is in Brussels, Belgium. The is the Parliment building of the EU the Berlaymont.

About: Belgium become independent in 1830

Belize (North America)

Belize flag

Capital: Belmopan

Population: 287,730

Size: 8,867 sq. miles

Currency: Belize Dollars 1$ = 1.96 Belize Dollars

Tallest point: Doyle’s Delight 3,688 feet tall

Main languages: English, Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna, Creole

Main religion: Christain 74.3%

The Keel-Billed Toucan is the National bird of Belize.

About: In the 18th Belize was fought over by the British and the Spanish and was called “British Honduras.” It became independent in 1964.

Benin (Africa)

Benin flag

Capita: Porto-Novo and Cotonou

Population: 7.8 Million

Size: 43,483 sq. miles

Currency: CFA Franc (Central African Franc) 1$ = 548 CFA franc

Main languages: French, Fon, Yoruba

Main religion: Christain 65.5%

The Grand Mosquee de Porto Novo in Porto Novo, Benin.

About: Benin became a French colony in 1872 and became independent from them on August 1, 1960.

Bhutan (Asia)

Bhutan flag

Capital: Thimphu

Population: 2.2 Million

Size: 18,147 sq. miles

Currency: ngultrums 1$ = 44.16 ngultrums

Tallest point: Gangkhar Puensum 24,836 feet tall

Main languages: Dzongkha, Tibetan

Main religion: Buddhist 100% ( you have to be buddhist in Bhutan) 

The Thimpu Chorten Thimpu, Bhutan.

About: Bhutan became a part of British India in 1865. It became independent on December 17, 1907.

Bolivia (South America)

Bolivia flag

Capital: La Paz, and Sucre

Population: 8.9 Million

Size: 424,164 sq. miles

Currency: bolivianos 1$ = 8.00 bolivianos

Tallest point: Nevado Sajama 21,463 feet tall

Main languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara

Main religion: Christain 87.2%

La Paz, Bolivia

About: Bolivia fought a war for independence against Spain and gained it on August 6, 1825.

Bosnia-Herzegovina (Europe)

Bosnia-Herzegovina flag

Capital: Sarajevo

Population: 4.4 Million

Size: 19,741 sq. miles

Currency: marks 1$ = 1.64 marks

Tallest point: Maglic 7,828 feet tall

Main languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Main religion: Islam 50.0% (Christain is 47% of the population) 

Mostar, Bosnia

About: The capital, Sarajevo is where Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on June 28, 1914, starting WW1. Bosnia-Herzegovina became a country on March 1, 1992.

Botswana (Africa)

Botswana flag

Capital: Gaborone

Population: 1.6 Million

Size: 231,804 sq. miles

Currency: pulas 1$ = 5.42 pulas

Tallest point: Otse Hill 4,892 feet tall 

Main languages: English, Setswana

Main religion: Christain 77%

Wilderness and swamps in Botswana

About: Britain claimed Botswana as their own on March 31, 1885. They became a free state on September 30, 1966.

Brazil (South America)

Brazil flag

Capital: Brasília

Population: 188.0 Million (Brazil is the most populous country in South America)

Size: 3,286,488 sq. miles

Currency: reais 1$ = 2.18 reais 

Tallest point: Pico de Neblina 9,888 feet tall

Main languages: Portuguese, Spanish, English

Main religion: Christian 97% (Brazil has the largest Catholic population in the world)

About: Brazil and Mexico have the most crime and murders in the world. On September 7, 1822 Brazil declared itself independent from Portugal. 

Territories: Martin Vaz islands

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

1 thought on “Modern Countries

  1. Gabe, a great report! I enjoyed all the facts for each country you listed. It shows that you did a lot of research,

    I love you!


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