American States and Canadian Provinces Part 2

Montana (West) 

Montana flag

Capital: Helena

Largest city: Billings

Population: 1 Million 

Size: 147,040 sq. miles

Date joined union: November 8, 1889

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Granite Peak 12,807 feet tall 

Sphinx Mountain, Montana

Nebraska (West) 

Nebraska flag

Capital: Lincoln 

Largest city: Omaha

Population: 1.9 Million 

Size: 77,358 sq. miles

Date joined union: March 1, 1867 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Panorama Point 5,424 feet tall 

Chimney Rock, Nebraska

Nevada (West) 

Nevada flag

Capital: Carson City

Largest city: Las Vegas

Population: 3 Million 

Size: 110,557 sq. miles

Date joined union: October 31, 1864

Main languages: None

 Tallest point: Boundary Peak 13,147 feet tall

Las Vegas skyline, Nevada

New Hampshire (New England) 

New Hampshire flag

Capital: Concord 

Largest city: Manchester

Population: 1.3 Million 

Size: 9,349 sq. miles

Date joined union: June 21, 1788 

Main languages: English, French

Tallest point: Mount Washington 6,288 feet tall 

Tichfield Abbey, New Hampshire

New Jersey (New England) 

New Jersey flag

Capital: Trenton 

Largest city: Newark 

Population: 8.8 Million 

Size: 8,722 sq. miles

Date joined union: December 18, 1787 

Main languages: English, Spanish, Indic, Chinese, and Korean

Tallest point: High Point 1,803 feet tall 

Cape May Bunker in New Jersey

New Mexico (West) 

New Mexico flag

Capital: Santa Fe

Largest city: Albuquerque

Population: 2 Million 

Size: 121,590 sq. miles

Date joined union: January 6, 1912

Main languages: English, Spanish, and Navajo 

Tallest point: Wheeler Peak 13,161 feet tall 

El Santuario Church in New Mexico

New York (New England) 

New York flag

Capital: Albany 

Largest city: New York City 

Population: 19.4 Million 

Size: 54,555 sq. miles

Date joined union: July 26, 1788 

Main languages: English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Russian

Tallest point: Mount Marcy 5,344 feet tall 

Statue of Liberty in Manhattan, New York

North Carolina (South) 

North Carolina flag

Capital: Raleigh 

Largest city: Charlotte 

Population: 10.4 Million 

Size: 53,819 sq. miles

Date joined union: November 21, 1789 

Main languages: English, Spanish

Tallest point: Mount Mitchell 6,684 feet tall 

Hatteras Ligthouse in Hatteras Island, North Carolina

North Dakota (West) 

North Dakota flag

Capital: Bismarck 

Largest city: Fargo 

Population: 762,062 

Size: 70,704 sq. miles

Date joined union: November 2, 1889 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: White Butte 3,606 feet tall 

Buffalo landmark in North Dakota

Ohio (New England) 

Ohio flag

Capital: Columbus (and largest city) 

2nd largest city: Cleveland

Population: 11.6 Million 

Size: 44,825 sq. miles

Date joined union: March 1, 1803

Main languages: English, Spanish

Tallest point: Campbell Hill 1,549 feet tall 

Indians baseball park in Cleveland, Ohio

Oklahoma (West) 

Oklahoma flag

Capital: Oklahoma City (and largest city) 

2nd largest city: Tulsa

Population: 3.9 Million 

Size: 69,899 sq. miles

Date joined union: November 16, 1907 

Main languages: English, Choctaw, and Cherokee

Tallest point: Black Mesa 4,975 feet tall 

Cherokee trail of tears monument in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Oregon (Pacific) 

Oregon flag

Capital: Salem

Largest city: Portland

Population: 4.2 Million 

Size: 98,381 sq. miles

Date joined union: February 14, 1859 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Mount Hood 11,249 feet tall 

Crater lake in Klamath Falls, Oregon

Pennsylvania (New England) 

Pennsylvania flag

Capital: Harrisburg 

Largest city: Philadelphia

Population: 12.8 Million 

Size: 46,055 sq. miles

Date joined union: December 12, 1787 

Main languages: English, Spanish, German, Chinese, and Italian 

Tallest point: Mount Davis 3,213 feet tall 

Gettysburg National Military Park in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Rhode Island (New England) 

Rhode Island flag

Capital: Providence (and largest city)

2nd largest city: Cranston 

Population: 1 Million 

Size: 1,214 sq. miles

Date joined union: May 29, 1790 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Jerimoth Hill 812 feet tall 

Fort Adams in Newport, Rhode Island

South Carolina (South) 

South Carolina flag

Capital: Columbia (and largest city)

2nd largest city: Charleston 

Population: 5.1 Million 

Size: 32,020 sq. miles

Date joined union: May 23, 1788 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Sassafras Mountain 3,560 feet tall 

Morris Island lightouse in Folly Beach, South Carolina

South Dakota (West) 

South Dakota flag

Capital: Pierre

 Largest city: Sioux City

Population: 884,659 

Size: 77,116 sq. miles

Date joined union: November 2, 1889 

Main languages: English, Sioux

Tallest point: Black Elk Peak 7,244 feet tall 

Mount Rushmore in Keystone, South Dakota

Tennessee (South) 

Tennessee flag

Capital: Nashville (and largest city) 

2nd largest city: Memphis

Population: 6.8 Million 

Size: 42,143 sq. miles

Date joined union: June 1, 1796 

Main languages: English, Spanish

Tallest point: Clingmans Dome 6,643 feet tall 

Skyline of Knoxville, Tennessee

Texas (South) 

Texas flag

Capital: Austin 

Largest city: Houston 

Population: 29.3 Million 

Size: 268,596 sq. miles

Date joined union: December 29, 1845 

Main languages: English, Spanish

Tallest point: Guadalupe Peak 8,751 feet tall 

The battle of the Alamo historic site in San Antonio, Texas

Utah (West) 

Utah flag

Capital: Salt Lake City (and largest city) 

2nd largest city: West Valley City

Population: 3.2 Million 

Size: 84,899 sq. miles

Date joined union: January 4, 1896 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Kings Peak 13,534 feet tall 

Delicate Arch part of Arches National Park, Utah

Vermont (New England) 

Vermont flag

Capital: Montpelier 

Largest city: Burlington 

Population: 623,989

Size: 9,616 sq. miles

Date joined union: March 4, 1791 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Mount Mansfield 4,395 feet tall 

Red covered bridge in Morristown, Vermont

Virginia (South) 

Virginia flag

Capital: Richmond 

Largest city: Virginia Beach

Population: 8.5 Million 

Size: 42,774 sq. miles

Date joined union: June 25, 1788 

Main languages: English, Spanish

Tallest point: Mount Rogers 5,729 feet tall 

George Washington monument Richmond, Virginia

Washington (Pacific)

Washington flag

Capital: Olympia

Largest city: Seattle

Population: 7.6 Million

Size: 71,362 sq. miles

Date joined union: November 11, 1889

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Mount Rainer 14,411 feet tall

The Space Needle in Seattle, Washington

West Virginia (South) 

West Virginia flag

Capital: Charleston (and largest city) 

2nd largest city: Huntington 

Population: 1.7 Million

Size: 24,230 sq. miles

Date joined union: June 20, 1863 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Spruce Knob 4,863 feet tall 

West Virginia capitol building in Charleston, West Virginia

Wisconsin (Midwest) 

Wisconsin flag

Capital: Madison 

Largest city: Milwaukee 

Population: 5.8 Million 

Size: 65,498 sq. miles

Date joined union: May 29, 1848 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Timms Hill 1,951 feet tall 

Salem Lutheran Church in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Wyoming (West) 

Wyoming flag

Capital: Cheyenne (and largest city)

2nd largest city: Casper

Population: 578,759 

Size: 97,914 sq. miles

Date joined union: July 10, 1890 

Main languages: English

Tallest point: Gannett Peak 13,809 

Devils tower in Crook County, Wyoming

Modern Countries Part 6

Montenegro (Europe)

Montenegro flag

Capital: Podgorica 

Population: 622,359

Size: 5,333 sq. miles

Currency: Euro

Tallest point: Bobotov Kuk 8,728 feet tall

Main religion: Christain 75.9%

Main languages: Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosnian, and Albanian

About: On June 3, 2006, Montenegro gained independence from Serbia. 

Aman Sveti Stefan hotel, Montenegro

Morocco (Africa)

Morocco flag

Capital: Rabat

Population: 37.1 Million

Size: 274,460 sq. miles

Currency: Moroccan Dirham

Tallest point: Toubkal 13,671 feet tall 

Main religion: Islam 99%

Main languages: Arabic, Berber, Hassaniya, English, and Spanish

About: On April 7, 1956, Morocco became independent from France. It was a protectorate of France since 1912. 

Hassan tower in Rabat, Morocco

Mozambique (Africa)

Mozambique flag

Capital: Maputo

Population: 30 Million

Size: 309,500 sq. miles

Currency: Mozambican Metical 

Tallest point: Monte Binga 8,004 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 56.1%

Main languages: Portuguese, Swahili, Mwana, Chewa, and Tsonga

About: On March 1, 1498 Mozambique was colonized by Portugal. It was known as Portuguese East Africa. On June 25, 1975, Mozambique gained independence from Portugal.

Train station in Maputo, Mozambique

Myanmar (AKA Burma) (Asia)

Myanmar flag

Capital: Naypyidaw 

Population: 53.5 Million

Size: 261,228 sq. miles

Currency: Kyat

Tallest point: Hkakabo Razi 19,295 feet tall

Main religion: Buddhism 87.9%

Main language: Burmese, Kachin, Kayah, Karen, and Chin

About: On January 4, 1948, Myanmar gained independence from Britain. It was formerly part of British Burma.

Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, Myanmar.

Namibia (Africa)

Namibia flag

Capital: Windhoek

Population: 2.7 Million

Size: 318,772 sq. miles

Currency: Namibian Dollar and South African Rand

Tallest point: Brandberg Mountain 8,442 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 87.9%

Main languages: English, Afrikaans, German, Otijherero, and Khoekhoegowab

About: On February 9, 1990, Namibia gained independence from South Africa.

Christuskirche in Windhoek, Namibia

Nauru (Australia and the Pacific)

Nauru flag

Capital: Yaren

Population: 10,670

Size: 8 sq. miles

Currency: Australian Dollar

Tallest point: Unnamed location 213 feet tall

Main religion: ???

Main languages: Nauruan and English

About: On January 31, 1968, Nauru gained independence from Britain. 

Japanese ww2 guns in Yaren, Nauru

Nepal (Asia)

Nepal flag

Capital: Kathmandu

Population: 28 Million

Size: 56,956 sq. miles

Currency: Nepalese Rupee

Tallest point: Mount Everest 29,031 feet tall (Tallest mountain in the world)

Main religion: Hinduism 81.3%

Main languages: Nepali, Limbu, Maithili, Nepalbhasa, and Angika

About: Nepal became a country in 1768. It was then known as the Kingdom of Nepal.

Kathmandu, Nepal

Netherlands (Europe)

Netherlands flag

Capital: Amsterdam

Population: 17.4 Million

Size: 16,164 sq. miles

Currency: Euro and United States Dollar

Tallest point: Vaalserberg 1,058 feet tall

Main religion: No religion 50.1%

Main languages: Dutch, English, Papiamentu, West Frisian, and Dutch Low Saxon

About: In 1940, the Netherlands were invaded by Nazi Germany. On May 5, 1945, the Netherlands were liberated by American, British, and Canadian troops. 

Windmill in Alkmaar, Netherlands

New Zealand (Australia and the Pacific)

New Zealand flag

Capital: Wellington 

Population: 5.1 Million

Size: 103,483 sq. miles

Currency: New Zealand Dollar

Tallest point: Mount Cook (Aoraki) 12,218 feet tall

Main religion: No religion 48.5%

Main languages: English and Maori

About: On September 26, 1907, the Dominion of New Zealand was declared. They gained independence from Britain on that day. 

Kiwi monument in New Zealand

Nicaragua (North America)

Nicaragua flag

Capital: Managua

Population: 6.4 Million

Size: 50,338 sq. miles

Currency: Cordoba

Tallest point: Cerro Mogoton 6,500 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 84.4%

Main languages: Spanish, English, Miskito, Rama, and Sumo

About: On May 31, 1838, Nicaragua became independent from the Federal Republic of Central America. 

Statue of Ruben Dario in Managua, Nicaragua

Niger (Africa)

Niger flag

Capital: Niamey

Population: 22.4 Million

Size: 489,000 sq. miles

Currency: CFA Franc

 Tallest point: Mont Idoukal-n-Taghes 6,634 feet tall

Main religion: Islam 99%

Main languages: French, Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde, and Gourmanchema

About: On August 3, 1960, Niger became independent from France. 

Grand mosque in Niamey, Niger

Nigeria (Africa)

Nigeria flag

Capital: Abuja

Population: 206.6 Million 

Size: 356,669 sq. miles

Currency: Naira

Tallest point: Chappal Waddi (Gangirwal) 7,936 feet tall

Main religion: Islam 50%

Main languages: English, Yoruba, Hausa, and Igbo

About: On October 1, 1960, Nigeria became independent from the British Empire. 

Zuma rock near Abuja, Nigeria

Norway (Europe)

Norway flag

Capital: Oslo

Population: 5.3 Million 

Size: 148,729 sq. miles

Currency: Norwegian Krone

Tallest point: Galdhopiggen 8,100 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 75.6%

Main languages: Norwegian, Sami, and Kven

About: In 1940, Norway was invaded by Nazi Germany. After WW2 in 1945, it was independent again. 

Bergenhus fortress in Bergen, Norway

Oman (Asia)

Oman flag

Capital: Muscat

Population: 4.8 Million 

Size: 119,500 sq. miles

Currency: Rial

Tallest point: Jebel Akhdar 9,780 feet tall 

Main religion: Islam 100%

Main languages: Arabic

About: Oman was established in 130 AD. It was the Azd tribe who controlled it. It was part of the Ottoman Empire.

Riyam monument in Muscat, Oman

Pakistan (Asia)

Pakistan flag

Capital: Islamabad

Population: 212.2 Million

Size: 340,509 sq. miles

Currency: Pakistani Rupee

Tallest point: K2 28,251 feet tall 

Main religion: Islam 96.2%

Main languages: English, Urdu, Punjabi, Pashto, and Sindhi 

About: On August 14, 1947, Pakistan became independent from the British Empire. It was formerly part of British India. It was divided into Pakistan, for Muslims, and India, for Hindus. 

Lahore fort in Lahore, Pakistan

Palau (Australia and the Pacific)

Palau flag

Capital: Ngerulmud 

Population: 17,907 

Size: 177 sq. miles

Currency: United States Dollar

Tallest point : Ngerchelchuus 794 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 89.7%

Main languages: English, Palauan, and Japanese 

About: During WW2 Palau was invaded by the United States. On July 18, 1947, it became independent from the United States. 

Arch landmark in Palau

Palestine (AKA West Bank) (Asia)

Palestine flag

Capital: Jerusalem (Disputed) 

Population: 5.1 Million 

Size: 2,320 sq. miles

Currency: Egyptian Pound, Israeli Shekel, and Jordanian Dinar

Tallest point: Mount Hermon 9,232 feet tall

Main religion: Islam ???%

Main languages: Arabic

About: On November 15, 1988, Palestine became independent from Israel. Its land is still disputed with Israel, and it is not part of the United Nations. 

Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem

Panama (North America)

Panama flag

Capital: Panama City

Population: 4.1 Million 

Size: 29,119 sq. miles

Currency: Balboa and United States Dollar

Tallest point: Baru Volcano 11,401 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 91.5%

Main languages: Spanish

About: On November 3, 1903, Panama became independent from Colombia. 

Panama La Vieja in Panama City, Panama

Papua New Guinea (Australia and the Pacific)

Papua New Guinea flag

Capital: Port Moresby 

Population: 8.9 Million

Size: 178,700 sq. miles

Currency: Papua New Guinean Kina 

Tallest point: Mount Wilhelm 14,793 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 95.5% 

Main languages: English, Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin, German, and Madang 

About: On September 16, 1975, Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia. 

Volcano in Papua New Guinea

Paraguay (South America)

Paraguay flag

Capital: Asuncion 

Population: 7.2 Million 

Size: 157,050 sq. miles

Currency: Guarani 

Tallest point: Cerro Pero 2,297 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 96.1%

Main languages: Spanish, Guarani 

About: On May 14, 1811, Paraguay became independent from the Spanish Empire. 

Iguazu falls in Paraguay

Peru (South America)

Peru flag

Capital: Lima

Population: 32.8 Million 

Size: 496,225 sq. miles

Currency: Sol 

Tallest point: Huascaran 22,132 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 94.5%

Main languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara

About: On July 28, 1821, Peru became independent from the Spanish Empire. 

Machu Picchu in Cuzco, Peru

Philippines (Asia)

Philippines flag

Capital: Manila 

Population: 106.6 Million 

Size: 120,000 sq. miles

Currency: Peso

Tallest point: Mount Apo 9,692 feet tall 

Main religion: Christain 92%

Main languages: Filipino, English, Spanish, Arabic, and Aklanon 

About: After the Spanish-American war, the Philippines were occupied by the United States. From 1942-1945, the Philippines were occupied by the Japanese Empire. Finally, on July 4, 1946, the Philippines became independent from the United States of America. 

The Chocolate hills, Philippines

Poland (Europe)

Poland flag (Same as Monaco flag)

Capital: Warsaw

Population: 38.3 Million 

Size: 120,773 sq. miles

Currency: Polish Zloty

Tallest point: Rysy 8,212 feet tall

Main religion: Christain 94.1%

Main languages: Polish

About: In 1989, when the Berlin wall fell, Poland became independent from the Soviet Union. 

Gdansk, Poland

Flags of the Confederacy

The Confederacy had many flags. There were national flags, flags for generals, and even flags for Indian tribes that fought with the South. In this post I’ll include the most well-known flags and maybe some flags you didn’t know about.


Battle Flag

Confederate Battle Flag.

The Confederate Battle Flag was the main flag flown in battle during the Civil War for the CSA. It is modernly known simply as “The Confederate Flag” but was never an official flag of the South. The 13 stars on this banner are for the 11 states that seceded and for Kentucky and Missouri, who although didn’t secede, sympathized with the South.

National Flags

1st National Flag (Stars and Bars)

1st National Flag.

The Stars and Bars was the first national flag of the Confederacy and was used from the beginning of the war until 1863 when it was replaced by the 2nd National Flag or “Stainless Banner.” The flag above is also the first version of flag. The seven stars represent the first 7 states to secede from the Union. The flag evolved until it had 13 stars for the 11 states of the Confederacy and 2 stars for Missouri and Kentucky. This flag caused confusion at the First Battle of Manassas and in some of the early battles of the war for looking like the American flag.

2nd National Flag (Stainless Banner)

2nd National Flag.

The Stainless Banner was the official flag of the South from 1863-1865. As well as being known as the Stainless Banner, the 2nd national is also known as the “White Man’s Flag.” and “Jackson’s Flag” because it draped General Stonewall Jackson’s coffin. Being white except for the Battle Flag in the upper left-hand corner, it was replaced in the last year of the war, by the “Blood-Stained Banner”, for looking too much like a flag of surrender.

3rd National Flag (Blood-Stained Banner)

3rd National Flag.

The third and final national flag of the Confederacy, the Blood-Stained Banner, replaced the 2nd national on March 4, 1865. It was meant to look less like a flag of surrender by adding a large red stripe on the right of the banner, but sadly it was adopted too late in the war for many to reach the field before Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.

Bonnie Blue Flag

The Bonnie Blue Flag.

Although never an official national flag, during the Civil War this white star with the blue background was a common and popular symbol for secession, the Confederacy, and the Southern cause.

State Flags

Original South Carolina Secession Flag

Flag of South Carolina after secession.

This flag was used as national flag of The Independent Commonwealth of South Carolina after its secession in 1860, but was changed after Mississippi’s secession in January 1861.

South Carolina State Flag

Flag of South Carolina.

This is the flag of South Carolina after replacing the original and is also the modern state’s flag. The crescent moon is a symbol for liberty and the palmetto tree is the state tree of South Carolina.

Mississippi Flag

Flag of Mississippi.

Before Mississippi seceded from the Union in 1861, they didn’t have a state flag. When Mississippi left the Union a Bonnie Blue Flag was raised over the state capitol. The flag has a magnolia tree because of Mississippi being known as “The Magnolia State” and features a Bonnie Blue Flag in upper left-hand corner.

Original Florida Secession Flag

Original flag of Florida.

This flag was the provisional state flag of Confederate Florida from January to September 1861. In the upper left-hand corner is a Bonnie Blue Flag and 13 stripes, the same number of stripes as the United States flag, which represents the 13 original colonies of the Unites States.

Florida Flag

Flag of Florida.

The state flag of Florida was adopted on September 17, 1861 as the official flag of the state of Florida. On the left there’s a cannon with other Confederate flags sitting on the banks of the Gulf of Mexico and the stripes on the right are in the same pattern on the 1st National Flag.

Alabama Flag

Flag of Alabama.

The official flag of the Confederate state of Alabama, adopted on January 11, 1861. The flag features the Goddess of Liberty holding a sword and flag that says “Alabama” on it and the words “Independent Now and Forever” written above.

Georgia Flag

Flag of Georgia.

Although never official, this flag was the recognized state flag of Georgia from 1861 to 1865. The words Justice, Wisdom, and Moderation are wrapped around three pillars and Constitution is written on the roof above.

Louisiana Flag

Flag of Louisiana.

The flag was adopted as the state flag of Louisiana was adopted on February 11, 1861 after its secession. The 13 stripes represent the original 13 colonies of America and blue, white, and red stripes stand for hope, virtue, and valor.

Texas Flag

State flag of Texas.

This banner was the state flag of Texas before, after, and during the Civil War. This flag and variants similar to this were also flown in battle during the war. It’s also known as the “Lone Star Flag” because of its single star, which represents the State and Republic of Texas (1836-1846).

Texas Secession Flag

Texas Secession Flag.

This flag was a symbol of Texas secession during the debate for Texas joining the Confederacy before the war began.

Virginia Flag

Virginia Flag.

This was the state flag of Virginia during the War of Northern Aggression. Pictured is the Roman Goddess of Virtue trampling on a tyrant king. “Sic Semper Tyrannis” in Latin means “Death Always to Tyrants.”

Arkansas Flag

Arkansas flag.

During the Civil War, Arkansas didn’t have a official state flag or a non-official one. This is the modern state flag of Arkansas, but this flag was used by some Arkansas regiments during the war.

North Carolina Flag

North Carolina Flag.

This was the official flag of North Carolina during the war. Its very similar to the flag of North Carolina today. The top date on the flag is when they seceded from Britain and the bottom is when they seceded from the United States. It was adopted after their secession and served as the first state flag of North Carolina.

Tennessee Flag

Tennessee Flag.

This was the state flag of Tennessee during the War Between the States. The flag has the same stripe pattern as many other Southern flags and in the corner has a seal that says “Agriculture and Commerce.”

Missouri Flag

1st Missouri Cavalry Regiment (Confederate) - Wikipedia
Missouri Flag.

Since it didn’t secede, Missouri didn’t have an official Confederate state flag. This flag was used in battle by Confederate Missouri regiments during the Vicksburg Campaign and elsewhere and is the closest thing to a Confederate Missouri state flag. The flag contains a cross on a blue background trimmed in red.

Kentucky Flag

Kentucky Flag.

Kentucky didn’t secede either but this flag was used by Kentucky regiments and Confederate Kentuckians to symbol rebellion. It features a red cross containing 13 stars, which symbolizes the 13 southern states, in a field of blue.

Maryland Flag

List of Maryland Confederate Civil War units - Wikipedia
Maryland Flag.

Although Maryland wasn’t one of the 13 southern states, it was still important to the Confederate cause. Known as the “Crossland Banner” this flag was flown by Confederate Marylanders. This banner makes up half of the modern Maryland flag. The other half is a yellow and black symbol that was flown by Marylanders were fought with the Union.

Non-Official State Flags of the Confederacy

Although these flags were not official state flags, they are modernly displayed as Confederate symbols for much of the South. Mostly flags like these include one part of a state’s flag, thrown together with the Battle Flag.

South Carolina

A modern flag for Confederate South Carolina.

Including the palmetto, crescent moon, and Battle Flag, this is a newly created South Carolinian Confederate flag.


The former state flag of Mississippi.

Mississippi had used this banner as its state flag, although in different color shades, since 1894 until recently being changed earlier this year for being offensive because it contained a Battle Flag.


A Confederate flag similar to the modern state flag of Florida.

Instead of having a Battle Flag in the backdrop of the state seal, the modern flag of Florida just features a red cross with a white background, which symbolizes the Spanish Empire, who controlled most of Florida until shortly after the Revolutionary War.


A modern Alabama Confederate flag having a Battle Flag and the seal of Alabama.

Like other flags in this category, this flag has a Battle Flag on the right and Alabama’s state seal on the left.


A Georgia flag from 1956 until 2001.

Georgia and Mississippi are the only two US states that used to have a Battle Flag on their state flag. This was actually the official state flag of Georgia from 1956 until 2001 and features the seal of Georgia on the left and a Battle Flag on the right.


A Louisiana Confederate flag.

On the left, this flag has the pelican from the modern Louisiana state flag, except with a red background instead of blue, and on the right is the battle flag of the Army of Trans-Mississippi.


A Texas flag.

On the left of this flag is the Texas Lone Star, which can also be interpreted as the star on the Bonnie Blue Flag, and on the right is the very familiar Battle Flag.


A Virginia flag.

The seal on the left of this flag is the same one featured on the modern Virginia flag and is similar to the one on the Confederate Virginia state flag.


Arkansas Flag.

This flag has the modern symbol of the state of Arkansas is middle and the Battle Flag in the background.

North Carolina

A North Carolina flag.

This flag features the Battle Flag and the dates of NC secession from Britain and when they allied themselves with the other 12 American colonies.


A Tennessee flag.

This flag has the symbol on Tennessee’s modern flag in the middle with a Battle Flag.

Flags of the Five Civilized Indian Tribes and the Confederate Irish

From 1861 to 1865 the the Southern states fought alongside Five Civilized Tribes of Indians these being, the Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminiole, Creek, and Chickasaw. Irish immigrants fleeing the Irish Potato Famine also fought alongside Southerners during the war.


Flag of Cherokee Confederates.

Flag of Confederate Cherokee Indians during the Civil War. This flag was the battle flag of Cherokee General Stand Watie, who fought in the Western Theater of the war, but was also used by other Cherokees. The five red stars represent the five tribes and the 11 stars represent the 11 Confederate states.


Flag of the Choctaw tribe.

The Choctaw were the first Indian tribe to adopt an official flag. This was their flag during the Civil War and the center symbol of this flag is still their seal today.


Seminole flag.

A flag for the Seminole tribe that was was used during the war.


Creek flag.

Very similar to the flag above, this was the flag of the Creek or Muscogee Indian tribe from Oklahoma.


The Chickasaw didn’t have their own flag during the 1860s so many of them fought under the Choctaw flag.

Confederate Irish

Flag of Irish Confederates.

This was the main flag for Irish Confederates. Other flags contained the harp and the green background, but had something unique around the harp.

Flags of Armies and Generals

Lee’s Headquarters

Flag of Lee’s Headquarters.

This flag flew over General Robert E. Lee’s camps and headquarters. It was designed by his wife and stars represent the Arch of the Covenant.

Flag of General John Bell Hood

Hood's Texas Brigade "SEVEN PINES" flag 1st Texas Regiment ...
Flag of General Hood.

This flag was used by General Hood of the Texas Brigade. Seven Pines and Gaines Farm were part of the Seven Days Battles where Hood’s men fought in Northern Virginia. Later on two more battles were added onto the flag, Eltham’s Landing and Malvern Hill.

Flag of General William J. Hardee

Flag of General Hardee.

This was the flag of General Hardee during his time with the Confederacy. Hardee had served in US Army during the Second Seminole War and the Mexican-American War. He commanded the First Corps of the Army of Tennessee and served in Western Theater and Carolinas Campaign.

Flag of General Leonidas Polk

Flag of General Polk.

This was the battle flag of North Carolinian Confederate General Leonidas Polk. Polk was the Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana, the founder of the Protestant Church of the Confederate States of America, and the Second Cousin of American President James K. Polk. This flag pattern is used in other flags and is known as the Polk Flag Pattern. The 11 stars are for the 11 states of the Confederacy. Polk would later be killed in action on June 14, 1864.

Flag of General Nathan Bedford Forrest

Flag of General Forrest.

This flag was flown by Forrest’s Calvary Corps during the Civil War. You may notice that there’s a star missing in the center of the flag and it’s still debated which state wasn’t included today.

Flag of General Earl Van Dorn

Flag of General Van Dorn.

Earl Van Dorn was a Confederate general from Mississippi and commanded the Trans-Mississippi District. He fought with distinction in the Mexican War and served in Arkansas and Tennessee during the Civil War. He lost to smaller Union forces on numerous occasions and was about to overcome his setbacks when he was killed by a doctor in May 1863 who claimed that Van Dorn had participated in an affair with his wife. The 13 stars on the flag stand for the 13 Southern states and the crescent moon is a symbol for liberty.

Battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia

Battle Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia.

The battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia was used by the Confederate generals Robert E. Lee, J. E. Johnston, P. G. T. Beauregard, J. E. B. Stuart, and Stonewall Jackson. Yellow, orange, and white bunting was also used during the years of the war.

Flag of the Army of Trans-Mississippi

Flag of the Army of Trans-Mississippi.

This flag served as the flag of the Army of Trans-Mississippi during the Civil War. The flag has the opposite colors of the normal Battle Flag having a red cross and a blue background. The Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War consisted of three Confederate states Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas.

Flag of the Army of Kentucky

Flag of the Army of Kentucky.

The Army of Kentucky was one of the Confederate armies during the Confederate Heartland Offensive in which the Confederates tried to liberate Kentucky from Union occupation. After the offensive failed, the army was incorporated into the Army of Tennessee.

Flag of the Army of New Mexico

Flag of the Army of New Mexico.

The Army of New Mexico, also known as the Sibley Brigade because of the commanding general, Henry Hopkins Sibley, was a Confederate army that participated in the New Mexico Campaign in which the Confederates attempted to take the northern part of the New Mexico Territory. The flag is a red variant of the Bonnie Blue Flag.

Flag of the Army of Tennessee

Flag of the Army of Tennessee.

This flag is similar to the flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, but instead of being square it’s rectangular. This army was the largest Confederate army in the Western Theater of the war and was commanded by Braxton Bragg, William Hardee, John Bell Hood, and Leonidas Polk.

First Naval Jack

First Naval Jack.

A naval jack is a flag that flies at the bow or front of a ship but only when the ship is in port, leaving, or entering. After the ship set sail the flag was removed so the crew could see better. This was the jack from 1861 to 1863. The seven stars would later be updated to 11 in late 1861.

Second Naval Jack

Second Naval Jack.

The second naval jack of the Confederate States was flown from 1863 to 1865 and is the exact same as the flag of the Army of Tennessee, a rectangular Battle Flag.

First Ensign

First Ensign.

Ensigns are flags flown at the stern of a ship and are used to identify a ship nationally. This was the first ensign of Southern ships and is the same as the 1st National Flag being flown from 1861 to 1863.

Second Ensign

Second Ensign.

This flag served as the second ensign of the Confederacy from 1863 to 1865 and is the same as the 2nd National Flag.